In the medical field, taping happens to be one of most common procedures that healthcare professionals carry out in their day-to-day activities. Nevertheless, it is not such an easy task as it seems to be.
In order to ensure maximum care and comfort for the patient, one should have the proper skill and knowledge to go for this procedure and implement it in the right way. If not applied correctly, the taping can give rise to dermatitis, tension blisters and skin stripping. That is why here an attempt is made so that you can learn the art of taping with the 3M tapes and follow the correct process every time.
First let’s discuss about some overall taping applications tips.
- If there is excessive hair in the area of taping then a clipper may be utilised for removing this if the need arises
- Tapes must always be applied to the clean and dry skin without any tension
- You can apply the 3M Cavilon No String Barrier Film for protecting the at-risk skin and when it is thoroughly dry then you can apply the tape over it
- You can secure the tubing, if there is any chance of distention you can use a self-adherent wrap or a tape that stretches
Now that you have the preliminary idea we can move to the next stage.
- Taping for General Applications
Here some of the measures of general taping application are provided. Apply the tape without any tension and then stroke the surface gently but firmly to enhance the adherence. Make sure that the tape reaches a minimum of one and half inches beyond the dressing area. You should also see to it that the tape is not stretched at the time of application. If swelling occurs you can loosen, re-fasten or even replace the tape for relieving the tension.
- Taping for Compression
For this you should place the initial section of the tape onto the skin without any tension and press downward gently. With one hand, you must secure the tape on the edge of the tape. After that, stretch the section of the tape over the dressing. Secure the tape on the opposite edge of the dressing and then press the remaining of the tape on the skin without tension. Remember that the compression should be formed by the multiple layers of the dressing material and not from excessive tape tension. Skin distension that remains under the tape may end up in causing blisters and under such circumstances, it must be removed as soon as possible.
- Taping When Distension is Anticipated
In general, foam tapes stretch everywhere but non-woven soft cloth can be stretched on the bias and in the cross direction. The direction of the stretch must be considered when securing a tubing or dressing of an area that is at high risk for edema, distention, hematoma formation and even movement. Nevertheless, applying soft cloth tapes that is parallel to the incision appears to incur lesser skin injuries than that of taping that is done perpendicular to the incision.
How to Remove the Tape
Proper tape removal is critical in the reduction of the occurrence of skin trauma. The correct procedure depends on the type of tape that you are applying. Here is the correct procedure for it.
- Loosen the edges of the tape. If required press a piece of the tape on one corner for starting the tape edge.
- You must stabilise the skin with one hand and then remove the 3m surgical tape low and slow towards the direction of the hair growth and pulled back over the skin surface. If you try to remove the tape at an angle then it can bear the risk of mechanical trauma. Continue supporting the newly exposed skin as the tape is removed.